Heart Disease – Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention
Heart diseases include any disease that has an effect on the cardiovascular system. Heart diseases are life threatening and should be treated quickly. Heart diseases are the biggest cause of deaths worldwide even though over the past few decades the rate of cardiovascular mortality has declined.
Symptoms of Heart Disease:
It is important to notice the symptoms of heart diseases. Consult your doctor if you begin to observe any of the following symptoms which are particularly of heart attack:
1. Heaviness, acute pain, pressure, discomfort in chest or under the breastbone.
2. Burning sensation around the chest area.
3. Indigestion, fullness and choking and pain while moving the jaw.
4. Constant sweating, vomiting and nausea.
5. Weakness and shortness of breath and rapid heartbeats.
However, there are people who have had heart attacks without facing any of the above symptoms which are known as silent heart attacks. This occurs mainly with people who have diabetes.
There are other heart diseases like Coronary Artery Disease, Arrhythmias and Fibrillation which have more or less the same symptoms as those of a heart attack. If you find some of the symptoms mentioned above, DO NOT THINK TWICE! Call for help, as immediate medical help is required to lower the damage done by the heart disease.
Treatment For Heart Disease:
The treatment for heart diseases vary a lot. You need to change your lifestyle and undergo various medical treatment procedures.
1. CPR – It stands for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation. It is best that you perform a CPR on a person at the earliest so that he or she has a good chance of getting conscious. Performing CPR keeps the oxygenated blood flowing to the person’s heart which keeps the heartbeat going.
2. Lifestyle Changes – Irrespective of your heart disease being mild or strong, your doctor will surely tell you to change your lifestyle as part of the treatment. It includes getting at least 30 minutes of daily exercise and walking. You will have to give up the habit of smoking and also limit the amount of alcohol you consume.
3. Medications – There are a huge number of medicines out there to help you with your heart disease. Your doctor will prescribe you the medicines required to treat your heart disease. These include medicines to lower your blood pressure such as beta blockers, cholesterol controlling medicines and also blood thinning medicines.
4. Surgery – If the medications you take do not help your heart disease, it’s likely that your doctor will suggest a heart surgery such as Angioplasty. However, in most extreme heart conditions, a coronary artery bypass surgery is required to remove the blockage in the artery.
Prevention of Heart Disease
Prevention is always better than cure! So prevent heart diseases by avoiding smoking, having a healthy low fat diet which includes plenty of whole grains, fresh fruits and veggies.
Limit your alcohol intake to the suggested daily limits. Excessive alcohol consumption increases the risk of having a heart disease.
Stop chewing tobacco and try to avoid second hand smoke.
Don’t stress yourself too much, take short breaks in between work and exercise daily for about 30 minutes.
Walking daily decreases your body weight which helps reduce the cholesterol level of the blood. It also helps keep the blood pressure normal.