Technically, dandruff is the small pieces of dead skin in a person’s hair. It is a common chronic scalp condition marked by flaking of the skin on your scalp. Although dandruff isn’t contagious and is rarely serious, it can be embarrassing and sometimes difficult to treat. The good news is that dandruff usually can be controlled. Mild cases of dandruff may need nothing more than daily shampooing with a gentle cleanser. But what causes dandruff?
- Dry skin. Simple dry skin is the most common cause of dandruff. Flakes from dry skin are generally smaller and less oily than those from other causes of dandruff.
- Irritated, oily skin (seborrheic dermatitis). This condition, one of the most frequent causes of dandruff. Seborrheic dermatitis may affect your scalp and other areas rich in oil glands, such as your eyebrows, the sides of your nose and the backs of your ears, your breastbone, your groin area, and sometimes your armpits.
- Not shampooing often enough. If you don’t regularly wash your hair, oils and skin cells from your scalp can build up, causing dandruff.
- Sensitivity to hair care products (contact dermatitis). Sometimes sensitivities to certain ingredients in hair care products or hair dyes can cause a red, itchy, scaly scalp. Shampooing too often or using too many styling products also may irritate your scalp, causing dandruff.
Dandruff can be a problem with any of us, yet we see it occurring and recurring with a few more than the rest. It can be due to:
- Dandruff usually begins in young adulthood and continues through middle age. But that doesn’t mean older adults don’t get dandruff.
- Oily hair and scalp.
- Poor diet. If your diet lacks foods high in zinc, B vitamins or certain types of fats, you may be more likely to have dandruff.
After identifying the problem, let’s come to the solutions:
- Pour, Rinse, and Barely Repeat With Vinegar. Rinsing your hair with vinegar (specifically Apple Cider Vinegar or white vinegar) may sound like a dreadful idea, but it can be quite an effective way to treat dandruff because it actually addresses the root of the problem. Vinegar will get rid of the unwanted skin that would flake off into dandruff, and it won’t clog up your pores or cause more.
- Tea-tree oil. Shampoos with just 5 percent tea tree oil significantly improves the severity of dandruff.
- Coconut oil. It is a “tried and true” dandruff treatment, and it smells nice too. Before showering, massage 3-5 tablespoons of coconut oil into your scalp and let sit for about an hour. Shampoo normally.
- Just massage 2 tablespoons lemon juice into your scalp and rinse with water. Then stir 1 teaspoon lemon juice into 1 cup water and rinse your hair with it. Repeat this daily until your dandruff disappears. Lemon’s acidity helps balance the pH of your scalp, which helps keeps dandruff at bay.
- Fenugreek seeds have a composition that is rich in protein and amino acids, encouraging healthy hair/hair growth and warding off those wicked flakes in the process. A little bonus-its high concentration of lecithin (a natural emollient) can help make hair stronger overall, and many people find that it leaves their hair silky smooth and soft.
- Neem Leaves. Neem leaves (also an Indian herb) make a great all-natural home remedy for your dandruff. Their properties not only relieve itching, they act as an antifungal as well, inhibiting the over-growth of dandruff causing fungus.
Eating healthy helps every aspect of your well-being. So, include a lot of veggies, essential oils, dry-fruits in your eating practice and sail away from dandruff.